The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65), in which a northern Union of states defeated a secessionist Confederacy of 11 southern slave states, and the Great Depression of the 1930s, an economic downturn during which about a quarter of the labor force lost its jobs.
United States Government International organization participation ADB (nonregional members), AfDB (nonregional members), ANZUS, APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CE (observer), CERN (observer), CP, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAFTA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), SAARC (observer), SECI (observer), SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC .
Montana Latitude Facts: 46.9048 and Montana Longitude Facts: -110.3261
United States People Total fertility rate (children born/woman) 2.1 children born/woman (2008 estimate)
United States People Life expectancy at birth (years) total population: 78.14 years; male: 75.29 years; female: 81.13 years (2008 estimate)
Beaverhead County Big Horn County Blaine County Broadwater County Carbon County Carter County Cascade County Chouteau County Custer County Daniels County Dawson County Deer Lodge County Fallon County Fergus County Flathead County Gallatin County Garfield County Glacier County Golden Valley County Granite County Hill County Jefferson County Judith Basin County Lake County Lewis and Clark County Liberty County Lincoln County Madison County McCone County Meagher County Mineral County Missoula County Musselshell County Park County Petroleum County Phillips County Pondera County Powder River County Powell County Prairie County Ravalli County Richland County Roosevelt County Rosebud County Sanders County Sheridan County Silver Bow County Stillwater County Sweet Grass County Teton County Toole County Treasure County Valley County Wheatland County Wibaux County Yellowstone County
United States People Sex ratio (male(s)/female) at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2008 estimate)