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World Country Facts:

  1. Tonga Category: Government - Flag description: red with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner

  2. Turkey Category: People - Population below poverty line (%): 20% (2002)

  3. Japan Category: Economy - GDP - real growth rate (%): 0.7% (2008 estimate)

  4. Chad Category: Economy - Economy - overview: Chad's primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector that began in 2000. At least 80% of Chad's population relies on subsistence farming and livestock raising for its livelihood. Chad's economy has long been handicapped by its landlocked position, high energy costs, and a history of instability. Chad relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects. A consortium led by two US companies has been investing .7 billion to develop oil reserves - estimated at 1 billion barrels - in southern Chad. Chinese companies are also expanding exploration efforts and plan to build a refinery. The nation's total oil reserves have been estimated to be 1.5 billion barrels. Oil production came on stream in late 2003. Chad began to export oil in 2004. Cotton, cattle, and gum arabic provide the bulk of Chad's non-oil export earnings.

  5. Tajikistan Category: Economy - GDP - real growth rate (%): 4.5% (2008 estimate)

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Random World Country Facts:

  1. Saint Helena Category: People - Age structure (%): 0-14 years: 18.5% (male 716/female 690); 15-64 years: 70.7% (male 2,754/female 2,618); 65 years and over: 10.8% (male 381/female 442) (2008 estimate)

  2. Vanuatu Category: Economy - Agriculture - products: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish

  3. Guam Category: People - Languages (%): English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)

  4. French Polynesia Category: Transportation - Airports: 54 (2007)

  5. Indian Ocean Category: Geography - Geography - note: major chokepoints include Bab el Mandeb, Strait of Hormuz, Strait of Malacca, southern access to the Suez Canal, and the Lombok Strait

Latvia Facts Info Stuff (LV):

Latvia Latitude Facts: 56.909641693811 and Latvia Longitude Facts: 24.5144951140065

More World Country Facts:

  1. Sierra Leone Category: Economy - Fiscal year: calendar year

  2. Venezuela Category: Government - Executive branch: chief of state: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999); Executive Vice President Ramon Alonzo CARRIZALEZ Rengifo (since 4 January 2008); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; head of government: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999); Executive Vice President Ramon Alonzo CARRIZALEZ Rengifo (since 4 January 2008); cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president; elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 3 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2012); note: in 1999, a National Constituent Assembly drafted a new constitution that increased the presidential term to six years; an election was subsequently held on 30 July 2000 under the terms of this constitution; election results: Hugo CHAVEZ Frias reelected president; percent of vote - Hugo CHAVEZ Frias 62.9%, Manuel ROSALES 36.9%

  3. Antarctica Category: Communications - Internet hosts: 7,748 (2008)

  4. Chile Category: Economy - GDP (purchasing power parity): 2.9 billion (2008 estimate)

  5. Peru Category: Economy - Exports: .27 billion f.o.b. (2008 estimate)

Latvia Regions are: Aizkraukles Aluksnes Balvu Bauskas Cesu Daugavpils Dobeles Gulbenes Jekabpils Jelgavas Kraslavas Kuldigas Liepaja Liepajas Limbazu Ludzas Madonas Ogres Preilu Rezekne Rezeknes Riga Rigas Saldus Talsu Tukuma Valkas Valmieras Ventspils

Various World Country Facts:

  1. Antarctica Category: Government - Legal system: Antarctica is administered through meetings of the consultative member nations; decisions from these meetings are carried out by these member nations (with respect to their own nationals and operations) in accordance with their own national laws; US law, including certain criminal offenses by or against US nationals, such as murder, may apply extraterritorially; some US laws directly apply to Antarctica; for example, the Antarctic Conservation Act, 16 U.S.C. section 2401 et seq., provides civil and criminal penalties for the following activities, unless authorized by regulation of statute: the taking of native mammals or birds; the introduction of nonindigenous plants and animals; entry into specially protected areas; the discharge or disposal of pollutants; and the importation into the US of certain items from Antarctica; violation of the Antarctic Conservation Act carries penalties of up to ,000 in fines and one year in prison; the National Science Foundation and Department of Justice share enforcement responsibilities; Public Law 95-541, the US Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978, as amended in 1996, requires expeditions from the US to Antarctica to notify, in advance, the Office of Oceans, Room 5805, Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, which reports such plans to other nations as required by the Antarctic Treaty; for more information, contact Permit Office, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia 22230; telephone: (703) 292-8030, or visit their website at www.nsf.gov; more generally, access to the Antarctic Treaty area, that is to all areas between 60 and 90 degrees south latitude, is subject to a number of relevant legal instruments and authorization procedures adopted by the states party to the Antarctic Treaty

  2. Gambia, The Category: People - Religions (%): Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%

  3. South Africa Category: Communications - Telephone system: general assessment: the system is the best developed and most modern in Africa; domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 100 telephones per 100 persons; consists of carrier-equipped open-wire lines, coaxial cables, microwave radio relay links, fiber-optic cable, radiotelephone communication stations, and wireless local loops; key centers are Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth, and Pretoria; international: country code - 27; the SAT-3/WASC and SAFE fiber optic cable systems connect in South Africa providing connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2 Atlantic Ocean)

  4. Equatorial Guinea Category: Transnational Issues - Trafficking in persons: current situation: Equatorial Guinea is primarily a destination country for children trafficked for the purpose of forced labor and possibly for the purpose of sexual exploitation; children have been trafficked from nearby countries for domestic servitude, market labor, ambulant vending, and possibly sexual exploitation; women may also be trafficked to Equatorial Guinea from Cameroon, Benin, other neighboring countries, and China for sexual exploitation; tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Equatorial Guinea is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking, particularly in the areas of prosecuting and convicting trafficking offenders and failing to formalize mechanisms to provide assistance to victims; although the government made some effort to enforce laws against child labor exploitation, it failed to report any trafficking prosecutions or convictions in 2007; the government continued to lack shelters or formal procedures for providing care to victims (2008)

  5. Jersey Category: Introduction - Background: Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.



Source: CIA - The World Factbook